In the medical sciences, the presence of sugar or glucose in the blood substance called blood sugar. Normal blood sugar levels in the body are important for the performance and health of the body.
However, a different story if simply applied too high or low. Blood sugar levels that are too high or low can give bad impact both in short term and long term.
What happens if your blood sugar is too high?
Your blood sugar levels are said to be too high if the number exceeds 200 mg/dL. In medical science, blood sugar levels are too high is called hyperglycemia.
This condition occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or due to insulin resistance, i.e. the hormone released by the pancreas. Insulin serves to spread the sugar in the blood to the entire body cells to be processed into energy.
Most of these conditions are experienced by diabetics who cannot live a healthy lifestyle, such as eating too much, lack of exercise, or forget to eat medicine diabetes or insulin. Other conditions that cause hyperglycemia in people with diabetes is:
- Steroid medications.
- Is undergoing surgery.
- Being infected with certain diseases.
Normal people who don’t suffer from diabetes could also be exposed to hyperglycemia, especially if she was suffering from severe pain.
Signs you have too high a blood sugar levels is the body feels tired, your appetite decreases body weight, craze, frequent thirst, and frequent urination.
If your blood sugar levels exceed 350 mg/dL, you will feel symptoms such as feeling easily agitated, decreased level of consciousness, it is very thirst, vision is not clear, and dizziness. Changes in the skin condition can also be seen, such as blushing, dry, and feels hot.
In addition, to suffer these things, blood sugar levels are too high, particularly those who never got the treatment can also cause serious harm such as Diabetic Ketoacidosis or diabetic syndrome hyperosmolar.
In addition, you can also experience infection of the teeth and gums, skin problems, osteoporosis, kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage, and cardiovascular disease.
What happens if your blood sugar is too low?
Too low blood sugar or Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels are below 70 mg/dL. This condition is also common in diabetics. The side effects of drugs used to treat diabetes can lower blood sugar levels.
Insulin in diabetics generally doesn’t work well. Therefore, diabetics required taking insulin or medications that can lower blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, due to the consumption of too much insulin or medications, anti-diabetes can make blood sugar go down drastically.
Hypoglycemia will quickly occur if insulin anti-diabetic medications or are not accompanied by sufficient food intake or thus do not eat at all. Excessive exercise can also trigger this condition.
This condition can also be experienced by diabetics who are not circles. Some of the causes that may trigger a hypoglycemia, among others:
- Too much consuming alcoholic beverages.
- Certain critical illness contracted, such as hepatitis, anorexia
- nervosa, or rare tumors of the pancreas.
- Lack of certain hormones.
- Taking anti-diabetic medications belonging to others or drugs such as quinine.
For more article please click Blood Sugar Level